CISL Centre for International Sustainable Development Law | Canadian Branch of the International Law Association

Energy, Climate Change, and International Economic Law: Recent Developments and Future Trends

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Welcome to the introductory page for the following module: Energy, Climate Change, and International Economic Law: Recent Developments and Future Trends

This course aims to explore current international law on energy and climate change, considering the integration of principles of sustainable development and new conjectures in the economic and environmental fields of law. It discusses the threat of climate change and its harmful impacts on human development – a threat that in turn has placed the issue of clean energy access to the top of the international agenda. The course will cover central themes and most recent developments in international climate and energy law in both regional and international contexts, noting important cases and treaties relating to the topic. Further, the course will give a sense of what we might expect from the new international climate change regime, which will be decided on at the COP 21 climate summit in December 2015. The overarching approach will be interdisciplinary, with an aim to compare and resolve at times fragmented areas of law with each other.

The course will be divided as follow:

Introduction (by Dr Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger)

1. International law and low carbon energy (by Mr Stuart Bruce)

2. Renewable energy promotion through European law: update on key cases and trends (by Prof Markus W. Gehring)

3. Renewable energy promotion through economic law: recent developments in regional trade agreements (by Dr Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger)



Stuart Bruce

Mr. Stuart Bruce, LLB (Monash), GD En & Nat Res Law (Melb), LLM (International Law) (Dist.) (UCL), is an Associate Fellow of the CISDL. He is currently a Litigation and International Arbitration Associate at an international law firm. Previously he was Research Associate to Professor (now Judge) James Crawford AC SC at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He has practiced commercial litigation in Australia and also has professional experience in management consulting.

Stuart has consulted to leading London law firms on energy and climate change and previously worked with the UNFCCC Strategy Implementation Unit in Germany, the British Institute of International and Comparative Law in England and the Housing Development Finance Corporation in India. He has attended several UNFCCC international negotiations with the Legal Response Initiative, a non-profit organisation that provides legal advice to government delegations from least developed countries.

Stuart currently coordinates a number of sustainable energy, climate change and green economy projects with academic and research institutes. He is a member of the
World Bank’s Legal Aspects of Sustainable Energy for All Community of Practice within the Global Forum on Law, Justice and Development and delivers lectures and conference presentations on international law and low carbon energy. Stuart has served as Managing Editor of the UCL Journal of Law and Jurisprudence and regularly writes professional and academic publications, most recently focusing on the areas of international law, energy (sustainable energy, energy security, renewable energy, energy efficiency), climate change and investments. He wrote the first entry on
“International Energy Law” in the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law and has written reports on international environmental law and climate regime design for think tanks and inter-governmental agencies.

Stuart’s areas of expertise include public international law, dispute settlement, climate law and energy law and policy.

Stuart is currently based in London.

Markus W. Gehring

Pr Markus W. Gehring, LLM (Yale University), Dr iur (University of Hamburg), MA (University of Cambridge), is Deputy Director of the Centre for European Legal Studies (CELS) and University Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge. He is Director of Studies in Law and Fellow at Hughes Hall and serves as pro bono Lead Counsel for Trade, Investment and Finance Law with the Centre of International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL). Dr Gehring has been a Visiting Professor at several universities around the world and is ad personam Jean Monnet Chair in Sustainable Development Law in the Faculty of Law, at the University of Ottawa. He is a member of the Frankfurt/Main Bar and a Barrister & Solicitor, Law Society of Upper Canada. Selected publications include Sustainable Development in World Trade Law (Kluwer Law International, 2005) and Sustainable Development in World Investment Law (Kluwer Law International 2010); Dr Gehring also co-edits the Cambridge University Press Series Implementing Treaties on Sustainable Development. His current research centres on Sustainable Development in European and International Law, including climate change and green economy law.

Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger

Dr Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, DPhil (Oxon), MEM (Yale), BCL & LL.B (McGill) is a leading international jurist and scholar in the field of sustainable development law and policy.

She serves as Senior Director of the CISDL in a pro bono academic capacity, where she mentors CISDL lawyers and fellows, and guides new international legal scholarship. In her professional work, she is Senior Legal Expert with the International Development Law Organization (IDLO), an inter-governmental organization based in Rome, Italy, where she directs global initiatives on legal preparedness for climate change and finance, the green economy, natural resources governance, and on trade and investment law for sustainable development; provides international expert legal advice, through the United Nations, to countries in the Americas, Africa and Asia on the implementation of sustainable development accords, including trade and investment agreements, the Cartagena Protocol and the Kyoto Protocol; and leads capacity development for senior legal officials and high court judges. She is also an Affiliated Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law (LCIL) at Faculty of Law of Cambridge University; co-lead of the World Bank’s Law Justice and Development Forum Thematic Working Group on Environment and Natural Resources Law, and a permanently appointed Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Chile.

Dr Cordonier Segger is a prolific writer, publishing over 60 papers and 18 books on sustainable development law and policy in three languages, including Sustainable Development Law: Principles, Practices and Prospects (Oxford University Press, 2004) with A Khalfan; Sustainable Justice: Reconciling Economic, Social and Environmental Law (Martinus Nijhoff, 2004) with former Vice-President of the International Court of Justice, HE Justice CG Weeramantry; Sustainable Development in World Trade Law (Kluwer Law International, 2005) with Dr M Gehring; and Sustainable Development in World Investment Law (Kluwer Law International, 2010) with Dr M Gehring and Prof A Newcombe. Also in her personal academic capacity, she serves on the board of the International Law Association (Canadian Branch), as Rapporteur of the International Law Association's (ILA) Committee on Sustainable Natural Resources Management, as a Councillor of the World Future Council, and as Senior Advisor to the President of the IUCN Environmental Law Commission. From 2002-2012, she chaired a joint CISDL - ILA - IDLO Partnership on International Law for Sustainable Development that was launched at the 2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development. She is a fellow of the Royal Society of the Arts, is profiled by the United Nations Environment Programme in their global 'Who's Who of Women and the Environment', has twice been appointed to an AVINA Fellowship, and has held several valuable international awards including a Chevening and a SSHRC Fellowship for her PhD in International Law at Oxford University (Exeter College).

In previous positions, she has served as Senior Director of Research for Sustainable Prosperity, a green economy policy research network (on interchange from the Government of Canada), and as A/Director of International Affairs at Canada's Ministry of Natural Resources. For Natural Resources Canada, she served on the Advisory Board of the International Trade and Investment Centre (Conference Board of Canada), on the Management Committee of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) Trust Fund and the Governance Committee of the EITI Board, and on the Board of the UN's International Panel on Sustainable Resource Management. She has also directed a collaborative Americas Portfolio for the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the United Nations Environment Programme; served as a Visiting Professor at the University of Victoria Law Faculty; as an instructor for the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) from 1999 – 2009; coordinated international law seminars at Oxford University and McGill University; taught international law at the CERIUM, University of Montreal; and held a Fellowship at the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London, UK. She is fluent in French, English and Spanish, and also speaks German, Portuguese and Italian.